How are attractive forces related to the motion?

How are attractive forces related to motion?

There are attractive forces between atoms/molecules, and these become stronger as the particles move closer together. These attractive forces are called intermolecular forces.

How are attractive forces related to the motion and the amount of kinetic energy of the particles?

The amount of kinetic energy in a substance is related to its temperature. … Phase changes happen when the temperature of the substance changes sufficiently. There are attractive forces in between particles called intermolecular forces. The strength of these forces increase as particles get closer together.

What causes the attractive forces between particles in matter?

The particles that make up some matter are close together and vibrate back and forth. … If the motion of particles slows the particles move closer together. This is because the attraction between them pulls them toward each other. Strong attractive forces hold particles close together.

Is kinetic energy a attractive force?

The kinetic energy in a solid creates a force that is less than the attractive forces between the molecules. The attractive forces are strong enough to hold the molecules closely together in a solid. The kinetic energy is a liquid is greater than the kinetic energy in a solid.

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What are the forces of attraction?

The force of attraction is a force that draws the body close to it due to an attraction. … These are the electric force, magnetic force, electrostatic force, gravitational force, and electromagnetic force. Gravitational force is a well-recognized force that attracts the body towards it despite the distance.

What are the different intermolecular forces of attraction?

There are three types of intermolecular forces: London dispersion forces (LDF), dipole- dipole interactions, and hydrogen bonding.

How do intermolecular forces of attraction define properties of matter?

The properties of matter depend on the intermolecular forces between the particles the matter is composed of. London Dispersion Forces are attractive forces that exist between all atoms and molecules. … Dipole Forces result from attraction between the positive and negative ends of molecules with permanent dipoles.

How is the intermolecular force of attraction dependent upon the intermolecular space?

Answer: More the intermolecular space, lesser is the force of attraction. … The intermolecular space is the highest in gases and so the force of attraction is almost negligible.

Why the force of attraction between solid particles is stronger?

The particles in a liquid usually are still touching but there are some spaces between them. The gas particles have big distances between them. Solid In a solid, the attractive forces keep the particles together tightly enough so that the particles do not move past each other.

Why do forces of attraction between gas particles increase when they are closer together?

At low temperatures, when the speed of the molecules decreases and they move closer together, the intermolecular forces become more apparent. As the attraction between molecules increases, their movement decreases and there are fewer collisions between them.

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